Paradise Lost: Difference between Adam and Eve’s Lament on Leaving Paradise - A Contrastive Analysis

  • Sara Torres Servín Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, 89 Wangsan-ri, Mohyeon-myeon, Cheoin-gu, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do, 449-791
Keywords: Difference, lament, regret, sorrow, material worldview, spiritual worldview


The difference between Adam and Eve’s lament on leaving Paradise in Milton’s Paradise Lost is striking in its contrastive content and depth. This paper analyzes the difference that exists between the feelings and spiritual attitudes that Adam and Eve express on the occasion when they are informed by the angel Michael that they have to abandon the Garden of Eden. It is a comparison of their lament in order to understand the contrast of the two attitudes that Milton wove in the tapestry that Paradise Lost is. The paper also explores male and female roles in Paradise Lost and concludes that Adam and Eve are equal yet different, that difference being the cause of their contrastive ways of expressing their sorrow. Adam and Eve manifest two contrastive worldviews in opposition, one spiritual (heavenly), and the other material (earthly).


Download data is not yet available.


Ainsworth, D. (2008). Milton and the spiritual reader. Reading and religion in seventeenth-century England. New York: Routledge.
Flannagan, R. (Ed.). (1998). The Riverside Milton. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co.
Furman-Adams, W. & Tufte V. J. (2004). Saying it with flowers: Jane Giraud’s ecofeminist Para-dise Lost. In C. G. Martin (Ed.), Milton and gender (p. 234, 235). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hiltner, K. (2003). Milton and ecology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Knott, J. R. (2005, June 13). Milton’s wild garden. Studies in Philology. Retrieved from http://muse.
Mattison, A. (2007). Milton’s uncertain Eden: Under-standing place in Paradise Lost. In W. E. Cain (Ed.), Studies in Major Literary Authors (pp. 82, 96). New York: Routledge.
Miller, D. M. (1978). John Milton: Poetry. Boston: Twayne Publishers.
Nicolson, M. H. (1990). John Milton: A reader’s guide to his poetry. NY: Octagon Books.
Strier, R. (2012). Milton’s fretters, or, why Eden is better than heaven. In P. C. Herman & E. Sauer (Eds.), The new Milton criticism (pp. 41, 42). New York: Cambridge University Press
Summers, J. H. (1966). The final vision. In L. L. Martz (Ed.), Milton-Paradise Lost: A collection of critical essays (p.189). Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall.
The Holy Bible. New International Version. (2011). Retrieved from