DOI: https://doi.org/10.9744/kata.19.2.48-54

The Phonological Errors by Dutch Exchange Students in Reading Indonesian Texts

Theodorus Yohanes Mustamu, Henny Putri Saking Wijaya

Abstract


In this study, the five non-existing Indonesian sounds in Dutch sound system were observed because these sounds cause a problem. Moreover, the writers analyzed the phonological errors produced by the Dutch exchange students. The theories were from Moeliono and Darwowidjojo (2003) for the Indonesian consonants and from Mennen, Levelt and Gerrits (2006) for the Dutch consonants. The findings show that there were five Indonesian sounds that do not exist in Dutch sound system. Furthermore, the Dutch exchange students produced phonological errors in initial, medial and final positions. In conclusion, the phonological errors in five observed sounds produced by the Dutch exchange students happened because of the L1 transfer and the lack of knowledge of Indonesian consonants.


Keywords


Phonological error, Dutch consonants, Indonesian consonants.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Berendsen, B. (2017). Online Dutch grammar tutorial. Retrieved from http://www.dutchgrammar. com/en/?n=SpellingAndPronunciation.22 [CrossRef]

Ellis, R. (2003). The study of second language acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press [CrossRef]

Fenoulhet, J. (1992). Dutch in three months: simplified language course. London: Hugo’s Language Books LTD. [CrossRef]

Hintzen, R. L. (1976). Collins Dutch phrase book. London: Collin Clear-Type Press [CrossRef]

Mennen, I., Levelt, C., & Gerrits, E. (2006). Acquisition of Dutch phonology: An overview. Retrieved from http://eresearch.qmu.ac.uk/152/ 1/wp-10.pdf. [CrossRef]

Moeliono, A.M., & Dardjowidjojo, S. (2003). Tata bahasa baku bahasa Indonesia (3rd ed.). Jakarta: Balai Pustaka. [CrossRef]

Odden, D. (2013). Introducing phonology (2nd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [CrossRef]

Saville-Troike, M. (2012). Introducing second language acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [CrossRef]




DOI: https://doi.org/10.9744/kata.19.2.48-54



The Journal is published by The Institute of Research & Community Outreach - Petra Christian University. It is available online supported by Directorate General of Higher Education - Ministry of National Education - Republic of Indonesia

©All right reserved 2016.K@ta, ISSN: 1411-2639, e-ISSN: 2302-6294

View My Stats